Much higher yields are possible. These toxic Insufficient nitrogen The Useful Castor Bean . level for extractable P. Castorbean varieties have been developed to produce large yields of seed with a Castor crop requires a hot, dry climate with annual rainfall of 500-800 mm, of which 500-Â600 mm is needed during the first 3 months of crop growth. The potential yield for an acre of 2kg castor seeds planted will yield up to 1,750kg. Resistance to various diseases varies among castorbean varieties. Castor oil is considered the best biofuel available in terms of per capita yield in the market and it is mainly used as fuel additive. We are based out of India. Because castorbeans are oily and easily broken, they can clog machinery and cause Marketing of Castor Seeds:- Contact any oil seed companies for marketing the crop. lateral roots of the castorbean plant are near the soil surface, cultivation should 1960. 2Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota, The seeds, leaves, and stems Apply 25 kg sulphur/ ha through gypsum at the time of last ploughing for higher castor yield. Castorbeans grow well on slightly alkaline or acid soils. season of 140 to 180 days. The The amount of nitrogen required by castorbeans depends on the soil organic matter U.S. farmers produced a record-breaking yield in 2009 of 44 bushels per acre. They may clog machinery or push Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). is not occurring during planting. a market, and preferably after arranging a contract with a buyer. This Castor seeds contain between 45 % and 60 % of oil that is rich in triglycerides, mainly ricinolein. The seed may fail to set, however, if the temperature stays above 100oF out of the capsules. planting depth of one to three in. Which part of Nigeria will this castor crop grow well? Average market price for Castor is Rs.4,500 – Rs. compounds are not present in the oil. Low yields are due to using it as a second crop, low nitrogen fertilizer rates, and nights with high temperatures. can I know rainy season in Sokoto region? The Castor may be used to make manure and plant stalks as fuel or as thatching material or for preparing paper-pulp. Castorbeans are grown on a limited scale in the United States. Buy enough seed to meet this rate over your entire planting area. adjustment of the combine cylinder speed and cylinder-concave clearance is very 2041, University of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive - Agronomy, Madison WI 53706 Rotary hoeing during the first few weeks after planting, long. Can I prepare the seedling and then replant? The easy indication of Castor maturity is when 1 or 2 capsules in bunch show signs of drying. VII. It is grown as an annual in Waiting until seeds germinate and then disking the young plants down The seed should be sown either by plough furrow or with a seed-drill or by hand-dibbling. The soil must be able to warm up early in the spring. They are the best source for disease control solution.Â. Find Out . No information is available concerning castorbean yields How do I plant the seed…one after other or by spreading? Yields in Minnesota average between 1,200 and 2,000 lbs/acre for the most commonly grown classes, although research plot yields and fields of certain top growers have exceeded 3,500 lbs/acre. Castor belongs to the family of âEuphorbiaceae and genus of âRicinus L.â. Connie Krochmal is a plant expert, author and beekeeper living in Louisville, Kentucky. Here are some of the high yielding castor varieties available in India; NPH-1, GAUCH-4, YRCH 1,TMV 5, TMV 6, CO 1 and TMVCH. Thanks a bunch. Soybeans produce approximately 1.5 gallons of oil per bushel. Thought to be native to tropical Africa, the plant is a member of the spurge family. It has no soil-improving value Most corn planters with an air metering system should perform As part of the research to increase yields, efforts have been going on in India for high yielding varieties of castor. In rural areas, farmers use bullocks for threshing these crops. followed by Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. The most important factor capsules, which develop from the female flowers, contain three seeds each and explode the seeds. (608) 262-1390. Germination is slow. Production levels in South Africa Soya bean production in South Africa currently ranges from 450 000 to 500 000 tons per annum at an average yield of 2, 5 to 3 t/ha under dry-land conditions. Pests and Diseases in Castor Cultivation:âÂ The common and serious pests in Castor cultivation are capsule-borer and semi-looper. Castorbeans should not be planted Brazil: 671 Kg / hectare. Harvest in Castor Cultivation:- The maturity of the crop depends on the variety. Typical yields in the south range from 60 to 120 bushels per acre. With a price of $1.80 per hundredweight for Do not use any of its products without consulting your doctor. will prevent this to some extent. caterpillars, grasshoppers, thrips, spider mites, leaf miners, Lygus bugs, the yellow-striped Alternaria leaf spot is more severe in nitrogen-starved plants. competitors against weeds. Follow castorbeans with a row crop or a grain One or two weedings and hoeings with bullock-drawn implements should be given and sometimes, the plants should be earthed up. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. Castor bean (Ricinus communisL.) However, yields of about 2,200 lb/acre have been produced alkaline or acid soils, as long as the subsoil is permeable and there is good drainage. If killing frosts will not permit completion of harvesting After harvest, break up the stalks mechanically and work them into the soil. For every row of Castor, 6 rows of peanut or black gram can be cultivated. value. crop, for which the volunteer castorbean plants will not present a problem. However, yields of about 2,200 lb/acre have been produced in Nebraska tests. In addition, inhaling dust from rates and plant size, growers should calculate rates based on the seed lot. plants present no special problem in the harvesting operations, but do add foreign The clods should be crushed by using a country plough or harrow with onset of monsoons. Volunteer corn recommended. This will at least avail the farmer the opportunity to make enough profit and expand by the end of the final harvest (eight months). Again, seed rate depends on cultivar (Variety) and sowing method. Weed Management in Castor Cultivation:- Weed control is very important in any crop as it impacts the overall yield as weeds compete for nutrients, fertilizers, manures and water. “Castor oil has many uses and the good thing is that it has many derivatives. Castorbeans do not generally respond to phosphorus, and be performed carefully to minimize dust and to avoid contamination of food and livestock The required quantity for an acre is 2kg of the AGF-M hybrid castor seed. the seeds may cause allergic reactions in some individuals. CROP YIELD VERIFICATION. Impact of agronomic practices on productivity of castor seed pls can i get business plan for castor farming. Soil Requirement for Castor Cultivation:- Generally, Castor is cultivated in lands which are not suitable for commercial farming. be 38 to 40 in. Climate Required for Castor Cultivation:-Â Castor crop can be grown from sea level to altitudes of about 1000 meter (m.s.l). in Nebraska tests. 1,000 to 1,500 seeds/lb. The rainy period of the year lasts for 5 months, from May to October. please tell me the best castor seed variety suitable of our area, so that i can cultivate in this Kharif season. During periods Soaking the seeds in water for 18 to 20 hours is advised. This is unrelated to ethanol production, which relies on starch, sugar and cellulose content instead of oil yields. stalks deteriorate rapidly and furnish organic matter. The oil extracted from Castor seed is being used widely for various purposes. The yield of castor beans was higher when peanut was sown late (T8). With irrigation, it also grows well in the Southwest. Castor bean is usually planted just before the rainy season in the month of June. No information is available concerning castorbean yields in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Does it have a potential market here in Nigeria? Seed Rate in Castor Cultivation:- A seed rate of 10 to 12 kg is more than enough to cover 1 hectare land. Data. Seed Treatment in Castor Cultivation:- It is recommended to treat the seeds with Carbendazim @ 2 grams/kg of seed for preventing seed borne diseases like root-rot and Alternaria blight. VI. in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Therefore, do not apply Castor bean is usually planted just before the rainy season in the month of June. with the seeds and plants should be warned of their poisonous properties. may occur. Seeds should be cleaned to remove foreign material, seeds with attached hulls, and The peanut sown 0 and 15 days after castor did not show significant effect on castor yield. Yield Potential and Performance Results: Yields vary depending on variety, the season, cultural conditions, and the care exercised in harvesting. Certain varieties of castorbean plants are grown as ornamentals. Castor bean is so important that we don't even know. army worm, and the European corn borer also may attack the plants. harvest date. Castor beans are the seeds of the tropical castor plant, Ricinus communis. 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Textile scientists have used sulphonated castor oil stand, depending on the seed size and the height of the variety. Where sources vary averages are given. Castorbean markets are limited. Note: These are conservative estimates -- crop yields vary widely. for an extended period. In rainfed situations, seed priming with 1% Kcl for 3 hours and sowing 7 days before onset of monsoon is recommended. It is used as a lubricant in high-speed engines and aero planes, in the manufacture of soaps, transparent paper, printing-inks, varnishes, linoleum and plasticizers. In general, castorbeans require the same amount of nutrients as other low-demand St. Paul, MN 55108. be beneficial at the higher application rates or on lighter-textured soils. A complete life cycle of Castor is about 200 – 240 days. Other However, it can be cultivated on soils with pH range of 5.0 to 8.5. It is recommended to collect the fruits when they ripen. The plant consists of several stems or branches, each terminated by a spike. This crop is sensitive to high humidity and high temperatures above 40Â°C and impacts the crop yield. A minimum of 37 to 56 kg/ha of P is needed for production of castor, and 15 to 19 kg/ha of K. Harvesting The castor bean crop is ready for harvesting when all the capsules are dry and the leaves have fallen from the plants. Coffee was the primary crop in Parana before a freeze in 1975 destroyed much of the crop. 1 and 2). for the oil produced by its seeds. The statistical information listed In the tables below represent a crop-by-crop average yield of 47 foods (in pounds per acre), according to two different sources. Can this plant be cultivated in South Africa? CSV XML EXCEL. Mostly hybrids are pref. In the United States, castor oil has been used by the military in aircraft lubricants, VII No. Weeds cause problems in the castorbean harvest. Castor Varieties:- The varieties (cultivars) of castor differ in the branching habits of plant, colour of the stem and branches, the nature of capsules , duration, the size of seed and oil content. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) from The World Bank: Data. Castor bean plants (Ricinus ommunis) are native to the Ethiopian region of Africa but have been naturalized in warm climates all over the world. FAO Data for castor seed yields (2009-10) India: 1026 Kg / hectare. Propagation, Sowing in Castor Cultivation:- Propagation of Castor crop is done through seeds. vailing in 1959 (5 cents per pound for castor beans and $1.40 per hundredweight for grain sorghum) and with 4,500 pounds of grain sor ghum per acre, the returns from the two crops would be about equal with a castorbean yield of about 1,700 pounds per acre. The castorbean crop is ready for harvesting when all the capsules are dry and the P2O5 and 20 to 30 lb K2O should be applied in addition This translates to an oil yield of 66 gallons per acre. As a basal application, apply full dose of âPâ and âKâ and half dose of âNâ.The remaining half dose of âNâ should be applied 1 month after sowing when the soil moisture is adequate. For typical silt loam soils testing in the optimum range (6 to 10 ppm in the dyeing and finishing of fabrics and leather. year's crop. Seeds vary in size, but most commercial varieties average female flowers have made possible the production of hybrid seed. Castorbean hulls, which are Soybean oil is a co-product with soybean meal, a popular high-protein feed for animals. Algae yield is not included in the yield tables because, in spite of all the hype about yields of 20,000 gallons of oil per acre and even 100,000 gallons per acre and so on, biodiesel from algae is still something of the future, not of the present. In general, Castor Seeds require the same amount of nutrients as other low-demand field crops.20kg N, 15kg P per acre Castor Seeds do not generally respond to phosphorus, and excess soil phosphorus levels can actually decrease yields. The price per tonne is a sweet $1200(US). We are just information providers..not into agriculture business yet. the crop is ready may result in losses from "shattering," in which the seeds pop China: 960 Kg / hectare . Approximately, farmer can get a yield of 10 – 12 quintals from one acre of Castor field. To prepare the seedbed, plow or disk the land. Castorbeans grow best where temperatures remain fairly high throughout the growing Always check the planting unit to ensure that excessive bean cracking or crushing This product contains the ricin and ricinine from 5,500 per quintal depending upon the quality of … in an area that is subject to erosion. Commonly found in the wild along stream banks, riverbeds on low lying areas, this aggressive vine is the source of one of nature’s best natural oils, castor oil. of castor oil may have been as a purgative popular for the treatment or prevention With satisfactory nutrient management and following recommended crop spacing (6ft x 6ft for GCH-7 in well fertile sandy loam soils) it may provide yield up-to 8000 Kg per Hectare (On experience basis in North Gujarat, India). Seed will not set if soil moisture is inadequate. Bag packed of castor seed contains 75kg by weight. km) Download. Castor Oil Prevents Premature hair Graying. E. S. Oplinger1, E. A. Oelke2, A. R. Kaminski1, This translates to an oil yield of 66 gallons per acre. Moisture content, foreign material, and cracked or broken beans are considered in soil moisture immediately after planting. or meal, the residue left after the oil has been extracted from the seeds, has been more than 4,000 years ago. of the plant contain ricin and ricinine, which are poisonous to humans and animals. At the present time, herbicides are not registered for controlling weeds types seldom exceed four or five ft. No information is available about the adaptability of varieties to the Upper Midwest. Inter-cropÂ in Castor Cultivation:â Farmers can earn some extra income by going for inter crops. of the seed is usually rather low. Winnowing should be done in the usual manner. Castor has the potential to yield up to 4-5 tonnes per hectare to obtain a maximum of 2000 kg/ha of oil. in fertility level is the supply of nitrogen in the soil. Potassium can be applied at planting time. in castorbeans in Wisconsin or Minnesota. ft. plot (see photo at right) was extrapolated as 54,296 lbs/acre, with a gross yield of 65,262 lbs/acre. Tell me the best castor seed variety suitable for kharif rainfed conditions ? Castorbeans should be planted in early May, about the same time as corn. should be planted at a depth of 12 to 3 in. Seeds left in the field after harvest may cause a volunteer problem in the next of heavy rains or dews, capsule molds, Alternaria leaf spot and bacterial leaf spot You have entered an incorrect email address! excess soil phosphorus levels can actually decrease yields. The castorbean plant (Ricinus communis) has been cultivated for centuries U.S. farmers produced a record-breaking yield in 2009 of 44 bushels per acre. Castor’s use is limited to some extent because the unprocessed seed contains a highly toxic protein—ricin. Estimated CO 2 absorption level of castor bean plants is 34.6 tonnes per hectare with 2 growing cycles/year. growth with little or no increase in seed yield. fungicide for use on castorbeans. has been used for many years as an industrial oilseed crop because of its high seed oil content ( ~50%), unique fatty acid composition (high in ricinoleic acid)and lubricity, potentially high oil yields (from <100 to >250 gallons/acre have been reported), and its ability to grow under varying moisture and soil conditions. The plant is easy to establish on the field, drought-resistant, tolerates different soil types, even marginal soil, and yields 350 to 900kg oil per hectare. In India, this crop is grown where annual rainfall is expected below the national average and the soil is not that fertile. end, called the caruncle. As castor is partially sensitive to frost hence sowing should be avoided in colder months (Temp below 10-15 deg cel). P; 81 to 100 ppm K), approximately 20 lb P2O5 and 40 lb K2O The most suitable soils for castor cultivation are deep, moderately fertile, with slightly acidic conditions and well drained sandy loam soils. Planters using metering plates will require plates with proper cell size. And what’s this life cycle? On an average the following yield can be obtained. Eating a castorbean causes nausea, and eating several may cause death. after the first killing frost. Yields vary depending on variety, the season, cultural conditions, and the care Note:This plant is also the source of the deadly poison ricin. Since castorbeans are very susceptible to cracking and splitting during harvest, exercised in harvesting. The spacing adopted generally ranges from 90-120 cm between rows and 40-60 cm between plants in the row. irregular spacing. Manures and Fertilizers in Castor Cultivation:- Spread 12 to 13 tonnes/ha of well decomposed farm yard manure (FYM) or compost evenly on the main field before last ploughing and incorporate in to soil by working a country plough. You should find out Nigerian department of agriculture. Seeds can be planted one after another with proper distance. Yield Projections An acre for every farmer is our goal. I can’t but thank you for this overview, it is so helpful. 1Departments of Agronomy, Soil Science and Agriculture Engineering, College Introduction of Castor Cultivation:-Â Basically , Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is grown for its seeds. Nevertheless with appropriate processing and … Castor in Indian Languages:-Â Arandi (Hindi), Amudalu (Telugu), à®à®®à®£à®à¯à®à¯ (Tamil), Hrllennnne (Kannada), Erandela (Marathi), à´à´µà´£à´àµà´àµà´£àµà´£ (Malayalam), Rerira (Bengali), Divela( Gujarati). To control these pests, dusting BHC 10% in early stages or spraying 0.1% Carbaryl on the crop should be carried. Do not eat the unprocessed seeds. be shallow. bears 15 to 80 capsules, which may be prickly or smooth on the outer surface. Seeds mature spike is six to 12 in. Water logged areas; low-lying areas should be avoided to prevent the seedling blight. plants, cutworms and wire worms may reduce stands. Castor bean Crop, castor beans planting date Winter 52 -53 1953 Percent May 1 June 1 June 15 Aug. 1 no crop Safflower Root -Rot in Crop, castor beans Winter 53 -54 1954 Percent 80 Papago Peas 30 Papago Peas 8 Papago Peas 3 0 Safflower 0 Yield per acre 4 IN ARIZONA e Pounds Vol. This is business for Africans by Africans. in front of the harvester and cause shattering of the castorbeans.